The infrastructure of the colonial territories obeyed the logic of economic exploitation territorial domain and commercial dynamics among others that left deep marks in the built landscape. The rationales applied to the decisions behind the construction of infrastructures varied according to the historical period, the political model of colonial administration and the international conjuncture.

This congress seeks to bring to the knowledge of scientific community the dynamics of occupation of colonial territory, especially related to the war effort, and that involve not only agents related to architecture and urbanism but to the military, and its repercussions in the same territories as independent countries.

It is hoped to address issues such as how colonial infrastructure, in this case housing production during armed conflict, has conditioned the current development models of the new countries or what options taken by colonial administrations have been abandoned or otherwise strengthened after independence.

The II International Congress on Colonial and Postcolonial Landscapes focuses on the theme of Architecture, Colonialism and War.



The congress is part of the ongoing research project entitled “Archwar - Dominance and mass-violence through Housing and Architecture during colonial wars. The Portuguese case (Guinea-Bissau, Angola, Mozambique): colonial documentation and post-independence critical assessment” funded by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT – Foundation for Science and Technology), ref. PTDC/ART-DAQ/0592/2020, in which the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation (FCG) takes part.


The research project, described below in its generic objectives, seeks to analyse how strategies of control during the colonial/ liberation wars in Guinea-Bissau, Angola and Mozambique, with a focus on housing, had repercussions on the configuration of their territories after independence.

In the project we can identify:

- Three types of phenomena: 1) new housing estates for the urban middle class and affordable neighbourhoods, built over slums, to lodge and control populations, 2) settlements in strategic economic areas, and 3) rural redevelopments resulting from the war scenario;

- Three colonial agents operating on the ground: a) architects responsible for private works, b) technicians (architects, engineers and others) from the Colonial Public Works departments, and c) military personnel;

- Three groups of inhabitants: i) European settlers, ii) assimilados, and iii) African populations.

The aim of this congress is to extend the debate on the repercussions of the decisions aken by the colonial states in the area of territorial infrastructures – in particular through the disciplines of architecture and urbanism – in post-independence development models and the formation of new countries with a colonial past.



The scientific community is invited to propose a set of panels in which the themes of architecture, colonialism and war should be debated from the perspectives of architecture, urbanism and landscape. The call will be open between December 2021 and February 2022.

The proposals should follow the following structure:

  • Title

  • Identification of the chair(s) with institutional affiliation and email contact(s) (max. 2 chairs per panel)

  • Abstract (max. 300 words)

  • Summarized CV of the chair(s)

The decision will be communicated by 21 February 2022 by the Scientific Committee.


13 Dec 2021 ->14 Feb 2022

Call for Sessions

21 Feb 2022

Notification of acceptance of sessions

01 Mar -> 31 May 2022

Call for papers

30 Jul 2022

Notification of acceptance of papers

31 Oct 2022

Deadline for registration

31 Oct 2022

Deadline for short paper

18 -> 20 Jan 2023


28 Feb 2023

Deadline for full paper